School may be out for summer, but there’s no time like the present to study up on some food science snippets. Some of our favorite eats and drinks are the result of the happy intersection between food and science. Delicious yellow-green, cold-pressed olive oil is made by grinding olives into a thick paste and pressing the paste to separate the oil. And beer and wine are created through the process of fermentation where bacteria, yeast and other microorganisms are broken down through chemical reactions. These simple steps show how basic processes can create some truly amazing and delectable palate pleasers. Impress your friends and family with your science 101 knowledge at your next picnic or barbeque. You’ll be glad you did!
Agronomy – branch of agriculture that deals with field crop production and soil management
Biotechnology – technology based on biology using cellular and biomolecular processes
- Fun Fact: Biotechnology saved the Hawaiian Papaya from the destructive ringspot virus that would have otherwise decimated the fruit in Brazil, Thailand, Mexico, and India, Philippines, Hawaii and the southern region of China.
Cold-pressed oil – grinding of nuts, seeds, fruits or vegetables into a paste and then pressing the paste to separate out the oil
Conventional (seeds, agriculture, etc.) – following traditional forms and genres
Enology – science of wine and wine making
Fermentation – chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and giving off heat
Food Science – study of the physical, biological and chemical makeup of food and the concepts of food processing
Genetic Modification – use of modern biotechnology techniques to change the genes of an organism such as a plant or animal
GMO - an organism with one or more changes to its genetic information
Microorganism – an especially small (microscopic) bacterium, virus or fungus
Organic – food grown or made without the use of artificial chemicals (naturally occurring chemicals can be applied)
- Fun Fact: Fresh, Frozen and Canned fruits and veggies are all healthy additions to your diet!
Pollination – from the anther (male part) to the stigma (female part) enabling fertilization and reproduction
- Fun Fact: One in every three bites of food you eat is pollinated either directly or indirectly by honey bees.
Sustainability – endurance of systems and processes including the interconnected domains of ecology, economics, politics and culture
Vintner – wine merchant or winemaker
Viticulture – science, production and study of grapes