What Foods are Genetically Modified?

Lasted edited on May 15, 2015.
Originally posted on November 13, 2014.

There is conversation aplenty about GMOs. In fact, there is so much talk of GMOs and GM foods that you may find it surprising to know there are currently only eight genetically modified crops commercially available in the United States. Three more have been approved but are not yet available in the market. Keep reading after the infographic to learn more about each GM crop.

Best-Food-Facts-GMO-Crops

 

Corn (field & sweet)
The GM version of field corn protects the crop against corn rootworms and the Asian corn borer. Like GM field corn, GM sweet corn also protects the crop against destructive pests.

Soybeans
The GM soybean plant is resistant to pests and disease as well as being tolerant of herbicides that are most effective, allowing for less herbicide use overall.

Cotton
GM cotton requires fewer pesticides and protects against the cotton bollworm.

Canola
Canola has been modified through biotechnology to make it tolerant to some herbicides. This allows for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control. The modified plant also has resistance to pests and fungus.

Alfalfa
The GM version of alfalfa is tolerant of some herbicides, allowing for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control.

Sugar Beets
The GM sugar beet has increased tolerance to some herbicides, allowing for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control. GM sugar beets also have virus and pest resistance traits.

Papaya
The GM version of papaya makes the plant resistant to the prevalent Papaya Ringspot Virus.

Squash
GM squash has traits that improve the plant’s defense against viruses.

Arctic Apple
Developed by Okanagan Specialy Fruits of British Columbia, Canada, this new fruit was developed by turning off the enzyme in apples that cause them to brown when cut, bruised or bitten.

Innate Potato
This new potato that resists browning and has fewer unsightly wasteful bruises has been approved by the USDA for commercial planting.

Aquabounty Salmon
This new salmon is genetically engineered to reach market size more quickly than non-GE farm-raised Atlantic salmon.

Arctic apples, Innate potatoes and Aquabounty Salmon have all been approved but are not yet available to consumers.

Want to learn more about GMOs from the experts? Try these posts:

What does a GMO look like?
GMO FAQs

Produce” by lukestehr is licensed under CC BY ND.

  • Christopher Dresbach

    This is a limited article that does not mention the dangers of using Roundup, herbicides in any quantities, and pesticides in any quantities at all. The FDA processes are not as extensive as they would have us to believe and they do their best to keep the public from knowing.

    • Hi Christopher,

      This post is to share what foods on the market today have been genetically modified. We have several other posts on the site that go into more details on different aspects of GMOs and genetic modification. Here are a few:

      Are We Being Poisoned By Glyphosate? https://www.bestfoodfacts.org/is-glyphosate-poison/
      Frequently Asked Questions – GMO https://www.bestfoodfacts.org/faqsgmos/
      GMOs – What to Know https://www.bestfoodfacts.org/gmos-what-to-know/

      If you still have unanswered questions, please let us know and we would be glad to reach out to an expert for an answer! https://www.bestfoodfacts.org/ask-a-question/

    • Der Bengel

      That’s because, Christopher, if you haven’t been following the trends around here, they are trying to convince everyone to jump onto the GMO bandwagon. Keep them ignorant and sing a good song with a nice smile, and you can draw them by the millions.

      • At Best Food Facts, we encourage everyone to make the good choices that are right for them. We provide information from experts to give you the facts you need to make those decisions.

        • colbey

          i wonder if you could provide info on where your experts are employed, and who is paying them?
          in the case of those who are working at universities or other educational institutions, could you list where some of the school’s or department’s funding comes from??

          • The experts who volunteer with Best Food Facts come from a variety of fields with many of them employed by universities throughout the United States and Canada. Find out more about all of our 200 experts https://www.bestfoodfacts.org/about-the-experts/. All of the experts volunteer to answer questions and provide their expertise to Best Food Facts.

  • Christopher Dresbach
  • John

    As a plant scientist and a consumer, I am perplexed by labels that tout “Non-GMO”, when not a single ingredient in the product could have been derived from a transgenic version of the food crop. It seems to be more of a marketing ploy to imply some undescribed advantage. It seems to also be fraudulent. Are there any laws governing false labeling ?

    • Sounds like you want some glyphosate, mmm mmm Cancer and Brain Damage!

    • summer

      seriously?! if the public was more informed and aware what was GMO then such labels wouldn’t need to exist. NON gmo labels that may seen silly to a scientist who is well informed may actually be appreciated and informative to a consumer trying to avoid GMO but lacking the knowledge of what is GMO. i would hardly call this false labeling. Have u ever seen gluten free lables on products that clearly have no gluten.. clearly to me. but i guess not the general public.. same thing.

    • Bain

      Not really, John. As long as the label is truthful (the thing inside matches the label), it’s not considered “false.” That’s why you will find a non-GMO label on some containers of salt (no, I am not making this up). In general, the non-GMO label is a marketing tool that can be used to justify charging a premium price for consumer goods (such as the aforementioned salt). I would actually prefer a labeling system that identifies which ingredients are GMO and why (e.g. contains papaya that has been genetically modified resist ringspot virus or contains sweet corn genetically modified to tolerate pesticide) as that type of label would communicate useful information to the consumer. It would, coincidentally, also take all of the profit out of the non-GMO project mark, but they don’t seem interested in education in general.

      It’s actually quite different from the gluten-free example identified by another comment, as I recently learned. There are some gluten-containing substances used in food processing that don’t have to be listed as an ingredient. (Such substances might be used, for example, to keep processed food from sticking to equipment.) Gluten-free products may also be made on shared equipment, which creates a risk of cross-contamination. If a person has celiac disease, any amount of gluten will damage their digestive tract, so they want to avoid these options.

  • Der Bengel

    What do you mean…ONLY 8??? That is 8 too many bud!