What Foods are Genetically Modified?
Originally posted on November 13, 2014.
There is conversation aplenty about GMOs. In fact, there is so much talk of GMOs and GM foods that you may find it surprising to know there are only eight genetically modified crops commercially available in the United States. Keep reading after the infographic to learn more about each GM crop.
Corn (field & sweet)
The GM version of field corn protects the crop against corn rootworms and the Asian corn borer. Like GM field corn, GM sweet corn also protects the crop against destructive pests.
The GM soybean plant is resistant to pests and disease as well as being tolerant of herbicides that are most effective, allowing for less herbicide use overall.
GM cotton requires fewer pesticides and protects against the cotton bollworm.
Canola has been modified through biotechnology to make it tolerant to some herbicides. This allows for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control. The modified plant also has resistance to pests and fungus.
The GM version of alfalfa is tolerant of some herbicides, allowing for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control.
The GM sugar beet has increased tolerance to some herbicides, allowing for a reduced amount of chemicals needed for weed control. GM sugar beets also have virus and pest resistance traits.
The GM version of papaya makes the plant resistant to the prevalent Papaya Ringspot Virus.
GM squash has traits that improve the plant’s defense against viruses.
There are other GM crops that are currently being tested, but are not yet available to consumers. For instance, the Innate potato, which the USDA recently approved for commercial planting, is a non-browning variety of potato. And the Arctic apple has GM traits that resist browning after being cut.
Want to learn more about GMOs from the experts? Try these posts:
What does a GMO look like?
“Produce” by lukestehr is licensed under CC BY ND.